Public Policies: A Malaysian perspective

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Public Policy has been generally defined as a system of courses of action, regulatory measures, laws, guiding principles relating to any issue of public concern promulgated by any Government entity/department or any of its rightful representatives, for the beneficial interest of the society at large.[1]

In Malaysia, public policies are formulated vis-a-vis the political and social structure of the nation and the future demand and needs of the nation as a whole while taking into consideration of the diversified ethnicity of the nation and the close proximity of the social and political systems of the nation.[2]

Generally public policies in Malaysia are developed mainly through three channels:

(i) Political;

(ii) Administrative;and

(iii) Integration.

The process of public policy making in Malaysia involved the following stages:-

(i) identification of an issue of public concern;

(ii) planning and formulation of suitable policy;

(iii) legitimization of the policy;

(iv) implementation of the policy; and

(v) evaluation of the policy.

Over the decades, the Malaysian government has formulated and implemented various public policies in attempt to bring about instrumental socio-economic development in the country. For instance, the Privatization Policy, National Welfare Policy, Malaysian Industrial Policy, National Agricultural Policy, National Education Policy.

[1] Kilpatrick, Dean, “Definitions of Public Policy and Law” accessed on 6 January 2018


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