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Men are perceived as more violent than women and as evidenced by the crime rates, they are. Most criminal crimes are committed by men, but also most criminal crimes (with the exception of sexual assault) are committed against men.

Though men are often the perpetrators of sexual assault, we often forget that millions of men in this country have also been victims of sexual assault. Male violence is a problem, but so is male victimization. Statistically, 5-10% of girls are subjected to penetrative sexual abuse, but 5% of boys are also subjected to penetrative sexual abuse and this is rarely discussed.

When men and women are accused of similar crimes, men are more likely to receive longer sentences than women, with women being twice as likely to avoid incarceration upon conviction.

Conventional thinkers blame poverty, lack of education and opportunity, and bad role models. But a number of scientists and researchers now say there is substantial evidence that environmental toxins such as lead and pesticides are implicated, particularly when children are exposed to them early in life.

Poisoning is usually an act contrived of evil intentions. The poisoner seeking the death of another individual is often very discreet about the manner in which a poison is introduced into the body of a victim. Great precaution is often taken to conceal the steps or events leading to the completion of this activity. Therefore, establishing that the cause of death of an individual is due to poisoning, whether by accident, suicide, or homicide, is a difficult task requiring the application of a vast amount of knowledge.

With the accumulation of scientific knowledge in the past 20 years, now there seems to be a general understanding that certain individual, pharmacological, and contextual factors may also facilitate or exacerbate the risk of overdose among drug users, even when the amount of drug consumed is normal as compared with that in other drug users. That is, the excessive consumption appears to be not a necessary cause, and some scientists even argued whether the term overdose is a misnomer. Available evidence may favor another definition which in turn draws attention to the manifestation of adverse physical and mental effect shortly due to drug intake, as exemplified in the Worth Health Organization’s lexicon for substance use problems.

Overdose can occur accidentally or intentionally. To illustrate, unintentional overdose can take place when a person concomitantly uses opioid with other central nervous system (CNS) depressants (e.g. alcoholic beverages or sedatives-hypnotics), which together may lead to respiratory depression. Although relatively rare than accident cause, drug overdose can also take place as an intentional act. In the past decade, there has been an alarming increase in suicide cases due to psychotropic prescriptions, such as taking prescription more than medically recommended dose.

written by MS AZLINDA

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